Poor sleep vs nutrition
Many Americans get less than the recommended amount of sleep and many do not get the recommended amount of important vitamins and minerals. A new study suggests that these two factors may be linked.
Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES), a representative sample from American adults, researchers have found that people with less than seven hours of sleep on lower amounts of vitamins A, D and B1 as well as magnesium, niacin, calcium, zinc and phosphorus.
The study also found a larger number of nutrients associated with poor sleep than women. This figure has been reduced to women taking supplements, suggesting that supplements can help when a human diet does not provide the necessary nutrients, researchers say.
“This work contributes to a set of evidence of specific nutritional intake with sleepiness,” said study director Chioma Ikonte, head of Nutrition Nutrition at Pharmavite.
In addition to results on sleep duration, research suggests that nutritional deficiencies can play a role in sleep disorders, poor sleep quality and sleep problems.
Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that our bodies require but do not produce. As a result, they must come from our diet. Globally, billions of people suffer from at least one micronutrient deficiency, according to researchers.
Previous studies have shown important roles for micronutrients in growth and development, disease prevention and healing, and normal body function, including sleep. For example, magnesium helps the body to produce melatonin and other compounds that are involved in sleep. Some studies indicate that zinc plays a role in the regulation of sleep.
The research notes that the study was a retrospective analysis, not a randomized controlled study, so it cannot show the cause and effect.
“If chronic short-term sleep causes lack of nutrients or lack of nutrients causes a short sleep, you have to decide,” Ikonte said. “A clinical study investigating the effects of filling these nutrients on sleep results is important to prove the cause and effect.”
The research was presented at the Nutrition 2019 Annual Conference, the annual American Society for Nutrition.
Source: American Society for Nutrition (ASN)