Five myths about fast food

Fast-food jobs are entry-level work for teenagers.

There was a time, mostly between the 1960s and 1980s, when fast-food employees were teenagers working after school and during summers for pocket money. The cultural trope reached Hollywood in “Fast Times at Ridgemont High” and “Good Burger.” In recent years, this perception has morphed into an industry talking point. When arguing against wage increases, Andrew Moesel, then a lobbyist for the New York State Restaurant Association, suggested in 2013 that the industry’s “low-wage jobs, entry-level jobs for young people” function as launchpads “for people to go on and live the American Dream.”

Yet according to recent data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics , the median age of a fast-food worker is just over 26 years old. Since 2000, more teenagers have opted out of work altogether, with the workforce participation rate among 16-to-19-year-olds dropping from just over 50 percent to 34 percent . This has created an opening for more seniors and foreign-born workers to step into the breach. In fact, McDonald’s recently joined companies like Google and Macy’s in partnering with AARP to recruit retirees and older employees.

The most important customers are low-income families

For decades, the world of cheap fast food food has been associated with the American subclass. Common wisdom, Mark Bittman wrote in the New York Times 2011, is that “junk food is cheaper when calories are measured and that it makes fast food necessary for the poor because they need cheap calories.” This perception, the Los Angeles City Council 2008, banned a new fast-food restaurant in South Los Angeles, one of the poorest parts of the city, and tried to promote a healthier diet.

But fast food outlets go beyond all demographic lines, from income to age and ethnicity. Surveys and surveys show that fast food is the most popular among middle income. “Richer Americans – those who earn $ 75,000 a year or more – are likely to eat at least once a week (51%) than lower income groups,” Gallup said. “The earliest is actually least likely to eat fast every week Refreshments – 39% of Americans earn less than $ 20,000 a year there.” These results were reinforced in a similar CDC study published in 2018 and shows that a higher proportion of those who Living above the poverty line eats fast food than the ones below it.

McDonald’s hot coffee shop was rude

In 1992, a 79-year-old pensioner named Stella Liebeck played a McDonald’s sunscreen that wears while sitting in the passenger seat of a parked car. After the New Mexico jury awarded Liebeck $ 2.7 million for damage, the episode became an international feeling. For example, the news reported that Liebeck was playing unhappy and drove down the road. She spat like a craven, greedy and patriotic addict of the justice system. “Now she claims she broke her nose at a shaved shelter at Sizzler, who looked at chickpeas,” Jay Leno said at “The Show”.

But Liebeck really suffered – 16 percent of her body was burned, of which 6 percent suffered third-degree burns, and her injuries required more skin grafts and an eight-day hospital stay. He filed a $ 20,000 application to cover his medical bills and took McDonald’s attempt only after the company offered only $ 800. A jury was praised by the jury’s decision – corresponding to a McDonald’s two-day coffee sale at that time – and was significantly reduced by the judge. . Finally, the parties settled outside the court, allegedly for less than half a million dollars.

Fast food causes obesity.

In his best-selling 2006 book, “The Omnivore’s Dilemma,” Michael Pollan singled out obesity as one of the unaccounted costs in “the ninety-cent price of a fast-food hamburger.” In the 2004 documentary “Super Size Me,” Morgan Spurlock made the connection, too. The link has carried over into regulations. In 2008, New York became the first city to mandate calorie counts on the menus of chain restaurants, and in 2010, a federal calorie-count law followed as part of the Affordable Care Act.

But the difference between correlation and causation makes the picture more complicated. For example, two new major studies have linked ultra-processed food — the factory-produced, additive-heavy, industrialized items often found in boxes of nuggets and soda fountains — to premature death and cardiovascular disease. And yet the researchers could empirically connect obesity only to the human tendency to overeat. “The simple fact that fast food restaurants and obesity have both increased over time is insufficient proof of this link, as are studies that rely on differences in fast food consumption across individuals, since people who eat more fast food may be prone to other behaviors that affect obesity,” the National Bureau of Economic Research notes .

No one should be claiming that fast food is the key to long life, but obesity’s causes can’t be reduced to drive-throughs or Happy Meals. Factors like exercise, smoking rates, air quality, genetics and access to health care also come into play. As the dangers of obesity continue to reveal themselves in chronic illnesses and fatal diseases, focusing on just one possible cause has the potential to obscure bigger problems.

Restaurant food is healthier than fast food

One of the trends to go out of resistance to fast food was the fast-paced restaurants sold as food with better quality ingredients delivered quickly. For several years before the onset of food-borne disease outbreaks, it was a dedicated poster child for the fast informal Chipotle restaurant, which promised “food of integrity” and GMO-free ingredients. This halo effect is widespread throughout the industry. “The concept of fast-paced wear is new food and the units that fit the bill, including Chipotle, Panera Bread and Pei Wei, are everywhere,” wrote a registered dietitian in 2013. Freshly prepared meals, made in the house, listing the ingredients they read as a recipe from a healthy cookbook.

While there were solid and dear pets, several studies of these misunderstandings soured sour cream. In 2015, the New York Times found that “the typical order that Chipotle has about 1,070 calories”, more than half of the daily calories are recommended for most adults. Subsequently, researchers at the University of South Carolina, compared to more than 60 fast food and fast food restaurants, found that a quick offer of 200 calories more than fast food. Even ordinary restaurants are not noticeably healthier than fast food connections. A comprehensive study in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition in 2015 has shown that while full service serves more nutrients than fast food, it also means that it is about the same amount of calories, along with more sodium and cholesterol.

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